Researchers from US Lawrence- Berkeley Lab lately developed “ POP- FAME ”, which is a fuel from a bacterium. It has further energy than even the rocket fuels have.


  • As per simulation data, POP- FAME fuel has energy density values further than 50 megajoules per litre, against 32 MJ for petrol and 35 MJ for RP- 1, which is a rocket fuel based on kerosene.
  • POP- FAME fuel name stands for “ Polycyclopropanated Fatty Acid Methyl Ester ”.
Syntin Fuel
During 1960s, a petroleum- based rocket fuel Syntin was developed by Soviet Union. This fuel was used to launch several Soyuz rockets, successfully in 1970s. still, its manufacturing was stopped due to high costs and unpleasant process involved. It was produced through a series of synthetic reactions with toxic by- products and explosive & unstable intermediate.
Why is POP- FAME an ideal rocket fuel?
POP- FAME have advanced energy densities, as compared to Syntin. therefore, indeed a small quantity of fuel can have considerable energy. therefore, it can be considered as an ideal rocket fuel. still, one challenge is to remove the two oxygen atoms with each molecule, in order to avoid weight in the rocket.

Related Articles

No plan as of now to bring All India Judicial Service, says govt

Due to divergence of opinion amongst the various stakeholders, there is no proposal "at this juncture" to bring an All-India Judicial Service to select judges of lower courts, the government said in Lok Sabha on Friday. The government has been...